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In this fifth english corner, you will find a contribution dealing with pneumology, and more precisely copd. We would like to remind you that our aim is not to teach medicine but to familiarize readers with medical english as used by professionals and patients.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

dyspnoea (GB) / dyspnea (US) — la dyspnée

wheezing — sifflements

fever of unknown origin — fièvre d'origine inconnue

non-productive cough — toux non productive

dry cough — toux sèche

hacking cough — toux quinteuse

productive cough — toux productive

wet cough — toux grasse

sputum / expectoration / phlegm — expectorations/ crachats

bring up sputum — cracher

sputum streaked with blood — crachats striés de sang

flecks of yellow or green pus — expectoration purulente jaune ou verte en amas

airway/airflow obstruction — obstruction des voies aériennes

foreign body — corps étranger

 

RISK FACTORS

occupational hazards — risques professionnels

asbestos — amiante

coal — charbon

silica — silice

air conditioning — air conditionné

air humidifier — humidificateur

history of smoking / tobacco consumption — antécédents de tabagisme

environmental lung diseases — maladies pulmonaires liées à l'environnement

drug-induced lung disease — pathologie pulmonaire médicamenteuse

history of intravenous drug abuse — passé de toxicomanie intraveineuse

 

THE CONSULTATION

finger clubbing / osteoarthropathy — hippocratisme digital / ostéoarthropathie

flaring (of the nares) — battement des ailes du nez

retraction — tirage / rétraction

lung sounds — bruits pulmonaires

vesicular murmur — murmure vésiculaire

bronchial breathing — bruits bronchiques (normaux ou modifiés)

high-pitched rhonchi — sibilants

low-pitched rhonchi — ronchi

crepitations / crackles — crépitants

fine crackles — crépitants fins

coarse crackles — gros crépitants

bubbling noises / gurgles — râles bulleux

pleural rub — frottements pleuraux

percussion — la percussion

percussion note — sonorité

resonance — résonance

tympanism — tympanisme

tympanitic / tympanic — tympanique

dullness — matité

dull — mat

 

DISEASES

asthma — l'asthme

bronchial asthma — l'asthme bronchique

airborne allergies — allergies respiratoires

allergy to feathers — allergie aux plumes

animal danders — squames d'animaux

(house) dust mites — acariens

mould — moisissure

colouring agents — colorants

acute respiratory distress (syndrome) — (syndrome de) détresse respiratoire aiguë

interstitial lung disease — pneumopathie interstitielle (diffuse)

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) — broncho-pneumopathie chronique obstructive (BPCO)

emphysema — emphysème

chronic bronchitis — bronchite chronique

bronchopulmonary dysplasia — dysplasie broncho-pulmonaire

pulmonary fibrosis — fibrose pulmonaire

cystic fibrosis — mucoviscidose

carcinoma of the lung / lung cancer — cancer du poumon

small cell lung cancer — cancer bronchique à petites cellules

common cold and influenza — rhume et grippe

seasonal flu — grippe (saisonnière)

pneumonia — pneumonie

tuberculosis — tuberculose

pneumothorax — pneumothorax

pulmonary embolism — embolie pulmonaire

deep vein thrombosis (DVT) — thrombose veineuse profonde

 

EXAMS

chest radiography
—radiologie pulmonaire

(plain) chest X-ray — radiographie pulmonaire / cliché thoracique (standard)

ventilation-perfusion scan — scintigraphie de ventilation-perfusion

CT/CAT (scan): computed tomography / computerized axial tomography (scan) — scanner / tomodensitométrie

bronchoscopy — bronchoscopie

bronchial washing — lavage bronchique

bronchoalveolar lavage — lavage broncho-alvéolaire

bronchial brushing — brossage bronchique

bronchoscopic biopsy — biopsie bronchique

pleural fluid aspiration — évacuation de liquide pleural

 

Source: 

*Professeurs d’anglais médical `a l’université de Dijon

Portrait de Didier Carnet
article du WUD 26

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